Screen Printing

Updated: May 29, 2019

A little throwback to February 4th. My first screen printing lecture.

My lecturer Andrew did a demonstration on how to use water soluble oil pastels as a means of printing on a screen.

Basically all you have to do is draw directly onto the screen with the pastels, but it is very important that they are water soluble pastels! If you use oil or wax that aren't soluble, the screen will clog and will be rendered useless.

You then have to get 'painting medium' and this allows the pastels (drawing on the screen) to dissolve a little and this is enough to push the image through the screen and onto the paper.

The medium is put just above the top part of the drawing and then using a squeegee, drag the medium towards you, ensuring that all the drawing was coated and pushed through.

Then you lift the screen up to see what the image that has been printed onto the paper.

With this method you have to draw from foreground to background, so whatever you want to be at the front of the drawing you draw first and then to the background.

< Image drawn onto the screen

(overhead view). (Fig.1)

< Image drawn onto the screen

(underside view). (fig.2)

From comparing both of the images, you can see the front layer (Fig.2) has more detail and more mark making, where as the background (Fig.1) is all smooth and the colour is quite flat.

< Final layer

(overhead view). (Fig.3)

Fig.3 shows the finished background layer with a good amount of painting medium ready to print. The printing medium only has to be enough to coat the image evenly and once the first print has been made, you simply lift up the screen (just enough so it doesn't hit the bed) and using the squeegee push the remainder of the printing medium back over the image and back to its original starting point.

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